Alan Turing (June 23, 1912 – June 7, 1954) was an English computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst and theoretical biologist who was highly influential in the development of theoretical computer science. Turing won the Smith's Prize in 1936. He was also appointed to the Order of the British Empire in 1946 and elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1951. Turing is believed to have had Asperger's Syndrome. In a 2003 paper in the Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, Henry O’Connell and Michael Fitzgerald closely studied Turing's biography (including anecdotes of his life) and concluded that Turing met all six criteria for Asperger's Syndrome as defined by Gillberg. Read more about the amazing life and numerous accomplishments of this great mind on his Wikipedia page.