Albert Einstein (March 14, 1879 – April 18, 1955) was a German theoretical physicist who is usually considered the prototype of genius. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics, and is famous in popular culture for his mass-energy equivalence formula E = mc2. In 1922 he was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect". A less known fact is that he was also an excellent musician. Einstein is thought to have been autistic and his autism (Asperger's Syndrome) is documented in several books and articles, some of the reasons indicated being delayed speech as a child* (and when he started talking he used to repeat sentences), thinking in pictures and being a loner completely absorbed in his work. Einstein himself said that a sort of "glass pane" separated him from his fellow human beings. Among the books and articles mentioning Einstein as autistic are Genius Genes by Michael Fitzgerald and Brendan O’Brien, Asperger’s and Self-Esteem: Insight and Hope through Famous Role Models by Norm Ledgin, The Essential Difference by Simon Baron-Cohen, The Guide to Asperger Syndrome by Christopher Gillberg, Thinking in Pictures by Temple Grandin, Asperger Syndrome and High Achievement and Remarkable Physicists by Ioan James and in The High-Flying Obsessives, an article by Karen Gold in The Guardian (2000). Read more about Einstein's many accomplishments on his Wikipedia page.
⃰* Usually delayed speech is not typical of Asperger's Syndrome, although it is typical of other forms of autism.