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Marie Curie

Marie Curie (November 7, 1867 - July 4, 1934) was a Polish/French physicist and chemist who is famous in particular for her research on radioactivity. Marie Curie is also the first woman ever to win a Nobel Prize, and the first person ever to win it twice (in two different fields). Her achievements include the development of the theory of radioactivity (a term coined by her), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium. Under her direction, the world's first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms, using radioactive isotopes. She also founded the Curie Institutes in Paris and in Warsaw, which are still major centers of medical research today. During World War I, she also developed mobile radiography units to provide X-ray services to field hospitals. She also had to overcome barriers that were placed in her way because she was a woman, so her achievements also had an enormous effect on the perception of women. Françoise Giroud wrote a book called Marie Curie: A Life, in which she emphasizes Marie's role as a feminist precursor. Her awards include the Nobel Prize in Physics (1903, with Pierre), the Davy Medal (1903, with Pierre), the Matteucci Medal (1904, with Pierre), the Actonian Prize (1907), the Elliott Cresson Medal (1909), the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1911), the Soviet postage stamp (1987) and the Franklin Medal of the American Philosophical Society (1921). Marie Curie is believed to have had Asperger's Syndrome and is featured in Asperger’s and Self-Esteem: Insight and Hope through Famous Role Models by Norm Ledgin and in the January 2003 Issue of Singuar Scientists in an article by Ioan James (also mentioning that she most probably had Asperger's Syndrome). Marie's daughter (Irène Joliot-Curie) is also mentioned in this article.Marie Curie is also included on this list of Great Women of Our Time (as well as other lists). The whole article can be found here. Read more about this amazing pioneering lady on her Wikipedia page.